Barnes And Noble

An American book seller is Barnes & Noble Booksellers. It is a Fortune 1000 business and the American bookseller with the most retail locations. The business had 614 retail locations in all 50 states as of July 7, 2020.
Barnes & Noble conducts business primarily through its chain of bookshops called Barnes & Noble Booksellers. The company’s main office is located in New York City’s Union Square at 33 E. 17th Street.
Since the 1990s, there have been numerous mergers and bankruptcies in the American book sector, leaving just Barnes & Noble as the biggest national chain in the country.

Prior to announcing the chain’s demise, Barnes & Noble had a network of modest B. Dalton Bookseller locations in malls. The business was one When that segment was split off as a separate public company called Barnes & Noble Education in 2015, it became one of the country’s largest managers of college textbook stores situated on or close to many college campuses.

Barnes and noble
Barnes and noble

19th century: Foundations

As Arthur Hinds & Company, a bookstore in New York City’s Cooper Union Building at 4 Cooper Institute, Barnes & Noble first opened its doors in 1886. Gilbert Clifford Noble, a Westfield, Massachusetts, native who had just graduated from Harvard at the time, was employed there as a clerk in the fall of 1886.

The store was renamed Hinds & Noble after Noble was made a partner in 1894.

Expansion in the 20th century, 1900–1919 Hinds & Noble relocated to 31–35 W. 15th Street in 1901.
Barnes & Noble became the name of the bookstore shortly after Noble acquired Hinds in 1917 and formed a partnership with William Barnes, the son of Charles Barnes, an old acquaintance. In Wheaton, Illinois, Charles had already launched a book-printing company.

Customers are familiar with the business because of its huge retail locations, many of which have cafés providing Starbucks coffee and other goods. The majority of shops sell Nook tablets and e-readers, books, magazines, newspapers, DVDs, graphic novels, gifts, games, and toys. The business provides services for self-publishing and the C. M. Barnes-Wilcox Company in 1873;

however, William Barnes sold his ownership stake in his father’s company just before forming a partnership with Noble. (His father’s business would eventually change its name to the Follett Corporation.) The C. M. Barnes-Wilcox Company never had any affiliation with Barnes & Noble, despite the fact that the flagship shop previously had the tagline “Founded in 1873,” other than the fact that both were (at various points in time) partially owned by William Barnes.


In 1940, one of the first firms to use Muzak was the shop. The next year, it underwent a significant refurbishment. The business established locations in Brooklyn and Chicago during that decade. When William Barnes passed away in 1945 at the age of 78, his son, John Wilcox Barnes, took over in its entirety. Between the 1950s and 1960s, the business had a substantial development, constructing a second retail location on 23rd Street in Manhattan as well as stores close to the City University of New York, Harvard, and other Northeastern college campuses.
Following John Barnes’ passing in 1964, the business was acquired by the multinational Amtel two years later.

Leonard Riggio, who has been listed as one of the founders, later paid $1.2 million to buy the company in 1971. The company had been poorly run by that point and had just “a significantly reduced wholesale operation and a single retail location—the flagship store at 105 Fifth Avenue.” Amtel separately sold the publishing business to Harper & Row The year after Barnes & Noble became the first bookshop in the United States to offer discounts on books by offering The New York Times best-selling titles at 40% off the publishers’ list price, the company became the first chain of bookstores to advertise on television.

from the 1970s through Smaller, inexpensive locations that Barnes & Noble opened in the 1980s were subsequently phased out in favor of bigger outlets. They also started producing their own books to sell to customers via mail order. Barnes & Noble was able to reach new clients across the country by selling these books through mail-order catalogs because they were mainly inexpensive reprints of out-of-print titles.


Barnes & Noble was growing during the 1980s, and in 1986, it paid Dayton Hudson an estimated $275 million to buy the B. Dalton business, which was mostly based in shopping malls.$300 million maximum. In The Book in Society: An Introduction to Print Culture, Solveig Robinson argued that the acquisition “gave [Barnes & Noble] the necessary know-how and infrastructure to create what, in 1992, became the definitive bookselling superstore.

“By the end of the company’s 1999 fiscal year, it was the second-largest online bookseller in the United States, thanks to the acquisition of the 797 B. Dalton outlets. Some of B&N’s detractors contend that the company is to blame for the closure of small and independent book stores. In January 2010, the final B. Dalton locations closed their doors.

Barnes & Noble acquired the 22-location Bookstop chain in 1989.

In September 1993, Barnes & Noble issued $77 million worth of stock on the New York Stock Exchange, making it a publicly traded business. Trade using the ticker symbol BKS. Up until August 2019, when Elliot Management bought all of the business’s stock and took it private, the company was traded on a stock exchange.
Prior to developing its official website, Barnes & Noble offered books to clients directly through mail-order catalogs.

It first started selling books online through an early videotex service named “Trintex,” a joint venture between Sears and IBM, but the business’s website wasn’t introduced until May 1997. In 1999, Barnes & Noble operated in an electronic environment

Barnes and noble
Barnes and noble

Barnes and Nobl Operating in an electronic environment

According to 2004 research, fewer Americans are reading books, with the number of adults who don’t read having risen by 17 million between 1992 and 2002. Despite this, Barnes & Noble asserted that the retail store segment of the book market was growing. Since 1999, Barnes & Noble has owned GameStop, a retailer of electronics and video games. In an effort to streamline its organizational structure, the corporation distributed its GameStop stock in the latter part of 2004 and spun it out as a separate business.

CEO Leonard Riggio retired in 2002, and his younger brother Stephen Riggio, who had previously served as acting CEO of, was named to take over. This hiring may result in a conflict of interest, according to some corporate governance experts; however, the company The board stated that Riggio was qualified for the position due to his prior work experience. In 2010, Stephen Riggio resigned from his position.


Website CEO William Lynch was appointed in 2010. He is credited with directing the launch of the Nook, the company’s electronic book reader, as well as aiding in the launch of the electronic book shop for the business. Many observers believed that his selection demonstrated how crucial digital books are to Barnes & Noble‘s future. Vice Chairman Steve Riggio continued to serve. Lynch left in the middle of 2013, and early the following year, Chief Financial Officer Michael Huseby took his position.

Huseby left Barnes & Noble Education after it was spun off to lead the new company; Ronald Boire took over in the middle of 2015; he left a year later. Demos Parneros joined Barnes & Noble in November 2016 and was named Chief Operating Officer in April 2017. He was fired in July 2018 for “company policy violations” without pay and was immediately removed from the board of directors on the advice of a law firm Barnes & Noble had retained.Parneros filed a complaint against Barnes & Noble on August 28, 2018, alleging wrongful termination.

After its biggest rival, Borders Group, declared bankruptcy and shut down in 2011, Barnes & Noble was left as the sole remaining national chain of book stores in the country.Following a string of acquisitions and insolvencies in the American book publishing sector that began in the 1990s, Waldenbooks, Barnes & Noble’s own subsidiary B, also went out of business. Dalton and Crown Books are two examples.

The biggest physical bookstore competition for Barnes & Noble at the moment is Books-A-Million, which doesn’t operate in the Western US. Additionally, regional and independent bookshops, as well as general merchants like, compete with Barnes & Noble. Even so, Amazon now operates its own physical locations, establishing a second nationwide chain of book stores.

In the 2010s, Barnes & Noble started to scale up its presence generally, and in early 2014, it closed its original flagship location.The business declared in the middle of 2014 that it would divide its Nook Media subsidiary from its retail store division.

Barnes & Noble permanently laid off 1,800 full-time employees in February 2018 for a $40 million yearly cost savings. TechCrunch claims that the business essentially let go of all of its full-time employees.who would have been making an average of $22,000 per year (about $11 per hour) at all of their outlets were replaced by part-timers making close to the minimum wage.

The company’s overall losses for the July 2018 fiscal year was $17 million

Barnes and noble
Barnes and noble

Early in July 2018, Barnes & Noble removed CEO Demos Parneros for an undisclosed policy violation; it was later discovered that this was due to allegations of sexual harassment. It claimed that Pareneros violated his obligations of loyalty and good faith and acted as a “faithless servant” by sexually harassing the female employee, berating subordinates, and attempting to “sabotage” an acquisition of the New York-based company.

The company claimed that it should be entitled to recover Pareneros’ salary, bonus, and benefits as a result, as well as other advantages throughout his “disloyal conduct” period.

The board of directors declared on October 3, 2018, that they would consider proposals to purchase the business. Leonard Riggio, who at the time owned around 19% of Barnes & Noble stock, was one of the potential bidders. The news caused the company’s stock price to increase by almost 30%.

The business was acquired by Elliott Investment Management in August 2019 for about $683 million, and James Daunt, the managing director of London’s Waterstones Booksellers Ltd., was appointed CEO. James Daunt would move from London to New York to take on the role of CEO of both Waterstones and Barnes & Noble. Barnes & Noble became a privately held, wholly owned subsidiary of Elliott on August 7, 2019.

2020s From March 2020, its retail outlets and additional businesses The publishing division of Barnes & Noble began by cheaply reprinting out-of-print books, and in 2003, there was a push to grow the division. The following year, the business had success when its book, Hippie, debuted on the New York Times Best Seller list in September 2004.

In comparison to rivals, Barnes & Noble frequently publishes and sells books at lower prices. It offers lines of budget books like Barnes & Noble Classics and the leather-bound Barnes & Noble Collectible Classics collection, both of which it has been producing since 1992. The Barnes & Noble Library of Essential Reading is the company’s second paperback series.[66] The Gentle Art of Verbal Self-Defense by Suzette Haden Elgin has sold over 250,000 books through Barnes & Noble. and The Columbia History of the World by John Garrity, which was republished, has sold over a million copies.

Over the years, the company has acquired a number of companies to grow its operations, including J.B. Fairfax International in SparkNotes, a publishing and instructional website, in 2001, and Sterling Publishing in 2003.

Barnes and noble
Barnes and noble

food delivery

Barnes & Noble committed to serving Starbucks coffee in all of its current cafés and prospective locations in 1993. Using the SBC FreedomLink network, which is now the AT&T Wi-Fi network, Barnes & Noble started providing Wi-Fi in the café area of a few of its locations in 2004. In 2006, Wi-Fi was available in every store, and as of July 27, 2009, everyone can use it for free.In 2016, Barnes & Noble made plans to create four concept stores in 2017 with cafés twice as big as their typical eating establishments and bars serving wine and beer. A waitstaff and a complete breakfast, lunch, and supper menu would also be provided in restaurants.

It was anticipated that the restaurants would boost sales growth. If sales exceeded projections, company leaders planned to open more concept stores.The first shops were established in Folsom, California; Plano, Texas; Edina, Minnesota; and Scarsdale, New York.

Community participation

To engage in community engagement, Barnes & Noble employs community business development managers. Through book fair fundraising initiatives, the Barnes & Noble in Fairbanks, Alaska, donated more than $80,000 to the neighborhood between 2015 and 2018. Barnes & Noble has established a summer challenge to encourage increased reading and learning among students in the first through sixth grades nationally.

Review of Barnes & Noble

The Barnes & Noble Review is an online publication that is housed on the Barnes & Noble website and features essays, interviews, and other articles in addition to reviews of both fiction and nonfiction books. Barnes & Noble CEO Steve Riggio and James Mustich Jr., publisher of the book collection A Common Reader, introduced it in October 2007. Michael Dirda, Brooke Allen, Laura Miller, Adam Kirsch, and others who are well-known in fields other than literary criticism have regularly contributed to the magazine.

Other notable authors include political journalists Chris Hayes and Ezra Klein, philosopher A. C. Grayling, music critic Robert Christgau, and others.

Barnes and noble
Barnes and noble

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