What is Fentanyl?

The strong synthetic opioid drug fentanyl has received permission from the Food and Drug Administration for use as an anesthetic and analgesic. Its analgesic potency is approximately 100 times greater than that of morphine and 50 times greater than that of heroin.
Street Titles: “Friend,” “Goodfellas,” “Great Bear,” “He-Man,” “Jackpot,” “King Ivory,” “Murder 8,” “Poison,” and “Tango & Cash”

How is it eaten?

snorted/sniffed, smoked, taken orally as a pill or tablet, spiked onto blotter paper, or patches; sold alone or in combination with heroin and other drugs; and sold in phony tablets that seem like prescription medications like oxycodone.

What impact do they have on the body?How is it eaten?

Fentanyl has similar effects to other opioid analgesics, including drowsiness, euphoria, relaxation, and pain alleviation.Disorientation, fatigue, vertigo, nausea, vomiting, urine retention, constricted pupils, and respiratory depression are some of the symptoms.

What consequences can an overdose cause?

A fatal overdose may result in respiratory failure, cyanosis, coma, changes in pupil size, lethargy, clammy skin, and other symptoms. A trifecta of symptoms, including coma, pin-point pupils, and respiratory depression, strongly suggest an opioid overdose.

What is Fentanyl?

Fentanyl Statistics

Fentanyl, a synthetic opioid, is up to 50 times more potent than heroin and 100 times more potent than morphine. It contributes significantly to both fatal and nonfatal overdoses in the US.
They are both regarded as synthetic opioids. Doctors administer the pharmaceutical fentanyl to alleviate extreme pain, particularly following surgery and in cases of advanced cancer.However, the majority of current instances of fentanyl-related overdoses are associated with illegally produced fentanyl, which is sold through black markets for illicit drugs because of its heroin-like effects.The two different types of fentanyl are fentanyl manufactured illegally and fentanyl used in pharmaceuticals.

Illegally made fentanyl

There are several types of illicitly produced fentanyl (IMF) on the drug market, including liquid and powder.
Powdered fentanyl looks just like many other narcotics.Because of its incredible power, it is commonly mixed with other drugs, increasing their potency, addictiveness, and danger.
It is regularly mixed with illegal narcotics like heroin, cocaine, and methamphetamine to make pills that resemble other prescription opioids.
Drugs laced with fentanyl are exceedingly risky, and many users may not be aware that fentanyl is present in their medications.
IMF is available in liquid form in nasal sprays, eye drops, and drops applied to paper or little candies.

Overdosage and Fentanyl

The most frequently used medicines in overdose deaths are fentanyl and other synthetic opioids.1 It can be fatal even in small doses. Every day, overdoses involving synthetic opioids like fentanyl claim the lives of roughly 150 people.2 Fentanyl may be present in drugs in lethal amounts, yet you can’t detect it through sight, taste, or smell.It is nearly impossible to tell if your medicines have been laced with opioids without testing them with fentanyl test strips
Because test strips are inexpensive and frequently produce results in five minutes, they can mean the difference between life and death.Be cautious even if the test comes back negative because test strips might not pick up stronger fentanyl analogs like carfentanil.

Deaths using fentanyl produced illegally are increasing.

Between 2020 and 2021, the number of overdose deaths involving synthetic opioids other than methadone—including fentanyl and fentanyl analogs—rose by more than 22%. In comparison to 2013, the rate of mortality from synthetic opioid overdoses in 2021 was about 22 times higher. Synthetic opioids other than methadone were involved in about 71,000 drug overdose deaths in 2021. According to the most recent preliminary data on drug overdose deaths, the COVID-19 epidemic saw an increase in overdose mortality.

What is attainable?

The rise in overdose fatalities emphasizes the necessity of expanding preventative and response efforts as well as making sure those who are most at risk of overdose can get care. According to local requirements and characteristics, the CDC issued a Health Alert Network Advisory to medical and public health professionals, first responders, harm reduction organizations, and other community partners, recommending the following steps as necessary:

Increase naloxone use and availability, and promote overdose prevention awareness
Increase public understanding of, access to, and availability of treatment for drug and alcohol addiction
Early intervention with those most at risk of overdosing
Increase overdose outbreak detection to enable more efficient response

What is Fentanyl?
What is fentanyl?

Prescription Opioids

When used properly, prescription opioids can be a vital part of treatment plans for both acute and chronic pain. However, their use carries significant hazards, so it’s important to carefully weigh those risks against the advantages before using prescription opioids.


Millions of Americans experience pain, and doctors frequently recommend opioids to manage their symptoms. The risks associated with prescription drug abuse, opioid use disorder, and overdose, however, are becoming more widespread in the US.The frequency of overdoses and deaths from prescription opioids has climbed since the 1990s, when doctors started to prescribe more opioids to patients. The quantity of pain that Americans experience has increased, even as the number of opioids prescribed and marketed for pain has increased. the same changes.


Nearly 280,000 Americans passed away in the United States from prescription opioid overdoses between 1999 and 2021. In 2021, there were over five times as many drug overdose deaths involving prescription opioids as there were in 1999.1
Nearly 17,000 individuals died from prescription opioid overdoses in 2021, or 45 per day.1 In 2021, almost 21% of all opioid overdose deaths were prescription opioids.

Heroin

Overdose deaths involving heroin fell by almost 32% between 2020 and 2021. However, more than 9,000 Americans died in 2021 from a heroin overdose, or nearly three deaths for every 100,000 people in the country. Three times as many people died from heroin overdoses in 2021 as there were in 2010, and heroin was a factor in more than 11% of all opioid-related fatalities.1

Artificial opioids

More people died from a synthetic opioid overdose in 2021 than from any other form of opioid (excluding methadone), with close to 71,000 deaths reported in the country. Nearly 88% of all opioid-related deaths in 2021 contained synthetic opioids, which saw an increase in death rates of over 22% from 2020 to 2021. The number of deaths from synthetic opioid overdoses in 2021 was over 23 times as many as in 2013.
According to earlier investigations, the number of drug submissions that law enforcement has seized and that test positive for fentanyl is connected with increases in synthetic opioid-related deaths but not with fentanyl prescribing rates. These data suggest that rising fentanyl-related overdose deaths are driving increases in deaths involving synthetic opioids and that fentanyl’s source is more likely to be illicit manufacturing than medicinal.

Fentanyl analogs


which share a similar chemical structure to fentanyl and are not usually discovered due to the need for specialist toxicity testing, include acetylfentanyl, furanylfentanyl, and carfentanil. In recent monitoring, several new synthetic opioids, including U-47700, have been found.Estimates of fentanyl analogs’ potency range from less potent than fentanyl to significantly more potent than fentanyl, but the strength of illegally produced fentanyl analogs has not been tested in humans, thus there is some ambiguity. The most potent fentanyl analog found in the United States, carfentanil, is thought to be 10,000 times more potent than morphine.

Reference by

https://www.cdc.gov/stopoverdose/fentanyl/index.html

https://www.willingways.org/

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top