Criminal Law Center

Criminal Law Center
Criminal Law Center

Criminal law concerns a system of legal rules that define what conduct is classified as a crime and how the government may prosecute those who commit crimes.

Federal, state, and local governments all have penal codes that explain the specific crimes that they prohibit and the punishments that offenstehen for offenbare offenbare Verbrechen.

Die Verletzung von nationalen, staatlichen oder lokalen Gesetzen kann zu Geldstrafen, Probezeit oder Gefängnis führen. Prosecuting attorneys, who act on behalf of the government to enforce the law, initiate criminal law suits against individuals.

Any act or omission in violation of a Criminal law forbidding or commanding it is a crime. Die meisten Straftaten werden durch Gesetze definiert, und diese Gesetze variieren stark zwischen den Staaten und den Bundesstaaten. The Model Penal Code (MPC) offers a good overview of the most common types of crimes, while the US Code provides a list of all federal crimes. It is best to check your local penal code for a list of crimes in your state or local municipality.

Criminal Law Center
Criminal Law Center

While specific criminal acts may vary by jurisdiction, they can be broadly characterized as “felonies” and “misdemeanors.” Felonies include more serious crimes, like murder or rape, and are typically punishable by a year or longer in prison. Misdemeanors sind nicht so schwerwiegende Verbrechen und konnen mit weniger als einem Jahr Gefangnis oder Geldstrafe bestraft werden.

Prosecution of Crimes

Gesetze unterteilen oft Verbrechen in zwei Komponenten: einen Akt (den „actus reus“) und einen mentalen Zustand (den „mens rea“, z. B. wissentlich oder fahrlassig). Dies gilt nur, wenn ein Verbrechen als strikt liability crime betrachtet wird, was bedeutet, dass kein bestimmter mentaler Zustand erforderlich ist. Um einen Verbrecher zu verurteilen, muss ein Richter beweisen, dass der Verdächtige beide Bedingungen erfüllt hat.

For example, larceny is the taking of the property of another with the intention of permanently depriving them of it. Accordingly, the defendant must have taken the property and done so with the mental intention of taking it of another person instead of thinking it belonged to him.

Criminal Law Center
Criminal Law Center

Es ist nicht ausreichend für einen Richter, suggest that the accused person committed a crime. Instead, in order for a defendant to be convicted, the prosecutor must prove every single element of a crime “beyond a reasonable doubt”. Police officers, prosecutors, and other government officials must also follow certain procedures when they investigate crimes

This is because the government must respect and protect certain constitutional rights that all citizens have. In the event that these rights are not exercised, it may prevent a prosecutor from reaching a verdict in a case. These rights and protections afforded to defendants are laid out in the United States Constitution.

Criminal Law Center
Criminal Law Center

For instance, if a citizen is arrested for a suspected burglary, police may want to question the individual about the crime. Andererseits schützt die Fifth Amendment der Constitution vor Selbstincrimination und Fälle wie Miranda v. Arizona, 384 US 436 (1966), outlined the specific warnings known as Miranda rights that police officers must give before interrogation can take place.

While the Fourth Amendment sets rules for police searches and seizures, the Sixth Amendment gives a right to a speedy trial, a right to an attorney, and certain rights related to witnesses’ cross-examination.

Finally, the Eighth Amendment of the Constitution protects Criminal law defendants from receiving punishments that are unusually cruel or excessive.

A violation of a defendant’s constitutional rights can result in the exclusion of evidence from a criminal trial, which can weaken or destroy the prosecution’s case, or it may lead to the exclusion of evidence from the trial resultieren in a revision of the decision.

Referency by

https://www.justia.com/criminal/

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